Gen 10: History of origins, roots of humanity and nations
Chapter 10 of Genesis is also referred to as the Table of Nations (70, the same as the number of the children of Israel (Ex 1:5; Dt 32:7-9)). All of us come from at least one of Noah’s three sons — Shem, Japheth, and Ham (there have been mixed marriages along the way), whose own children were all born after The Flood. (The Hebrew word used for The Flood in Noah’s day is hamabool/המבול , and is not used for any other type of flood or flooding in The Bible. See also Ps 29:10) The covenant promise of God to Noah and to his sons with him, and to their descendants after them, is never again to destroy all flesh and the earth by a flood (mabool). (Gen 9:8-17) There have been many other lesser floods which have destroyed cities and islands, but none of these have been world-wide, nor are they called a mabool. Yeshua has promised to return in time to prevent all flesh from perishing during the Great Tribulation before God’s wrath. (Mt 24:21-22)
Remember from Ch 9:24-27 that Canaan, Ham’s youngest son, was the one cursed for his father’s sin – to be a servant of servants (slave of slaves) to his brothers and uncles and to their descendants. Yeshua/Jesus our Redeemer and Savior took this curse upon Himself by becoming a servant of servants (slave of slaves), whose example He has called us to emulate. (Phlp 2:3-11; Lk 22:24-27; Jn 13:12-17) What a blessing to know what it is to serve others, especially as unto the Lord! He lifts our heads and gives dignity to all peoples, whatever earthly lot or destiny we may have. He is the Son of Man, and knows our situations and circumstances.
It is important to read genealogies: God knows us by name, and the lists also have some interesting and significant facts written within them. Genealogies also give proof of human history, and of Yeshua as the promised Messiah, the Son of God, Son of Adam, Son of Abraham, Son of David. They help us to see God’s redemptive plan unfold through significant choices which He sovereignly makes at different times in history among people groups, and within those groups.
The Hebrew word toldote (transliteration is never simple!) speaks of giving birth, or begetting. Noah and his three sons and their wives (isn’t it fascinating that the Holy Spirit inspired Moses to tell us the names of Lamech’s two wives, but not to give us the names of the wives of the fathers of all humanity today?!) were the eight people saved in the ark that Noah, in the fear of God, built in obedience of faith to God’s word and instructions. (Heb 11:7)
The separation of the nations in Ch 10 is of the time after the Tower of Babel, since the language before that was one and the same for everyone. (11:1) In general, the descendants of Japheth settled in what is today Europe; the descendants of Ham settled in what is today Africa; the descendants of Shem settled in what is today Asia, which includes the Middle East. We can know this by the names of the sons and descendants given us, some of whose names are still used in Hebrew for certain nations and countries. At that time in history, there were not yet Jewish Israeli people, just “Gentiles”.
Here are some of the interesting things to notice in these genealogies:
–Japheth is the father of Magog, whose name is infamous from Ezek 38 – 39, and from Rev 20. Japheth’s sons and grandchildren became nations associated with Turkey, Greece, and other European nations. Yavan is today’s Greece, but is also connected with western Turkey. Tarshish is mentioned in other parts of the Bible, including where Jonah was headed trying to avoid God’s call on his life to preach in Nineveh, which Nimrod built. Tarshish is also mentioned also in Paul’s writings.
–Cush is a son of Ham (a Hamite). Cush today is the name for Ethiopia; in the Tanach it also refers to the area of Sudan today;
–Cush was the father of Nimrod. It was Nimrod, “a mighty hunter before YHVH” (v 9), who began the first Gentile kingdom of the world, in Shinar, also known as Babylon (today the area of Iraq), located today in the Asian Middle East, not in Africa.
–Nimrod was the first to conquer in order to rule over others besides his family. He established the first kingdom in the land of Shinar. The prophecy of Nahum is a burden against Nineveh, the great city. (see also Jonah). In Micah, Assyria is called the land of Nimrod, and the Assyrian is a major character in the end-times of the last days. (Mic 5:5-6)
–Ham is the father of Canaan, most of whose sons inhabited what is today’s Israel, including the disputed territories and Gaza, plus part of Lebanon. This Land of Canaan is the geographic territory which YHVH God, Creator and Possessor of all, promised in covenant with an oath to give to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob/Israel, and to their descendants. (Gen 13:12-17; 15:18-21; 17:1-8) The Jebusites were the inhabitants and rulers of what became Jerusalem until the days of King David. (2Sam 5:5-12)
–Mitzraim is also a son of Ham; and Mitzraim is the name for Egypt in the Bible until today. Mitzraim is related to the Philistines through his descendants, the Casluhim. (v 13-14) The Philistines inhabited Gaza, and their spirit is still present there today.
–Shem is the father of all the sons of Eber, whose name is the root for the Hebrews (both people and language). Eber means crossing over; passing through; going beyond. The fathers of Israel were called Hebrews, including their descendants (Joseph, and the nation; Jonah confessed to serving YHVH, God of the Hebrews). All who are called children of Abraham through faith in Jesus are strangers and pilgrims in this world — crossing over, passing through, going beyond. . . to Zion, the heavenly city and country.
–One of Shem’s sons was Arphaxad, who is recorded as being the father of Salah/Shelah. In the New Testament genealogy of Yeshua given in Lk 3, Arphaxad is said to be the father of Cainan (different spelling and person than Canaan), and that Cainan was the father of Shelah. These two lists are variations in two Hebrew texts of the Tenach — one used for the Masoretic text, the other for the Septuagint.
–Peleg was one of Eber’s two sons. (v 25) It seems that he was born during the division of the Earth/land, into the continents which we have today. (Gen 1:9-10; 10:25; 1Chron 1:19) The Hebrew word used to express Peleg’s name and the division of the land is different than the Hebrew words used for God separating the nations and their languages. This would also better explain how The Flood was global, not local. It is my opinion that He did both, as a judgment against the unified rebellion at Babel, and to protect His interests in having a holy seed, and a people who dwell alone for His redemptive purposes. (Num 23:9) Even secular scientists accept that the earth/dry land was once one large mass, but that it divided/separated hundreds of million years ago on an Earth billions of years old. Such a time-frame is nowhere hinted at in the God-breathed written record that He has given us in The Bible. “Is anything too hard for YHVH!?” (Gen 18:14) The Apostle Paul commended the Berean believers for checking the Scriptures after they heard his teaching, to see if what he taught was true. Shouldn’t we do the same when “the world” teaches us about how we got here that is contrary to what the Spirit of God and the Word of God teaches us?
We can see throughout the Scriptures that ALL of the people groups, nations, and families oppose those whom YHVH chooses and elects, and ALL oppose His Kingdom and His righteousness. ALL have sinned, and there is none righteous – except for the Holy One of Israel, the Lord Yeshua the Messiah/Jesus Christ, the promised Seed of the Woman.
The Flood was about 1696 years after Adam and Eve (Creation), and approximately 2304 years before Yeshua was born, or about 4323 years ago. Peleg was born between 100-200 years after the flood (again depending on which Hebrew text is used). The enormous Earth-shattering events which both caused The Flood and resulted from it prepared the Earth for our great and mighty God to carry out His command after The Flood, which the people refused to do: be fruitful and multiply, and fill the Earth/land. (Gen 9:1) YHVH God confused the languages, separated the families and people groups by their languages, and according to their lands and nations, with their boundaries. (Dt 32:8; Acts 17:22-31) He also divided the one land mass to separate the people even more definitely, and broke up their ungodly unity.
We can see in Ch 11 what God did. Remember that there were no chapter divisions in the original manuscripts. The last verse of Ch 10 connects simply and plainly to the first verse in Ch 11. The fear of YHVH is the beginning of knowledge, understanding, and wisdom, and keeps us from evil.
“Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned: For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law. Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses….” (Rom 5:12-14)
“All have sinned and fall short of the glory of God.” (Rom 3:23)
“For whatever things were written before were written for our learning, that we, through the patience and comfort of The Scriptures, might have hope.” (Rom 15:4)
God’s plan of redemption is not completed until it is finished, just as the Creation was not completed until after the sixth day. He does not stop short. Thank and praise God for Jesus!
This article originally appeared on Streams in the Negev, June 28, 2019, and reposted with permission.
Howard Bass is the congregation pastor/leader of Nachalat Yeshua (Yeshua's Inheritance) in Beer Sheva, Israel.
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How to do it wrong
Once upon a time there was a pastor. (It wasn’t me. Honest.) This pastor had just stumbled upon an allegorical method of reading Old Testament stories and through it had made some wonderful discoveries. Now he was tempted to apply this method in every situation. And as this pastor was from a congregational culture where sermons were “led by the Spirit” (in other words, not prepared in advance), trouble ensued.
One bright Sunday morning, our enthusiastic pastor chose a text from I Samuel 6, where the ark of the covenant is returned from Philistia to Israel. The ark had been taken by the Philistines as spoils of war. After the Lord had rained various disasters upon them, the Philistines finally took the hint, and returned the ark to Israel. In the pastor’s sermon, the cart carrying the ark of the covenant became an allegory of the congregation carrying the Word of God. The cows pulling the cart were the believers, each of whom has a great calling to carry His word in this world. The encouraging allegory ended short when the pastor reached the point in the text where the cart was disassembled and the cows were sacrificed over the fire made from the wood of the cart.
One might conclude that advanced reading and preparation would have been in order.
In an interesting parallel, not only was the aforementioned sermon a good example of things going wrong… so was the entire story of the return of the ark of the covenant to Israel and ultimately, to Jerusalem. The background of the story is a military and religious catastrophe which resulted in the ark of the covenant being carried off by the Philistines – until they realized they were safer off without it, and returned it to Israel.
Here we come to the part of the story which has caused difficulties to more than one pastor. The part played by the Philistines was fulfilled when the ark of the covenant reached Bet Shemesh. There, the cart was broken up and used as wood to burn the sacrificed cows which had pulled the ark to the Israelite town. However, the point at which the unfortunate pastor completed his failed allegory was the point where things began to go wrong for the Israelites.
What happened next is determined by your choice of base text. The Masoretic Hebrew text and Greek Septuagint give slightly different accounts of the following events. According to the Hebrew text, some in Bet Shemesh looked upon the uncovered ark of the covenant and died because of that. Looking directly at the uncovered ark had been strictly forbidden even for those who were tasked with caring for it (Numbers 4). According to the Greek text, there was a particular family in Bet Shemesh who didn’t join in rejoicing over the return of the ark. Thus, their indifference towards the Lord resulted in them being struck down. (Another point of dispute between the texts is the number of casualties.) However, the end result remained the same: the ark of the covenant was not accorded the proper respect instructed by the Torah, and this resulted in immediate judgement. If God had been harsh to the Philistines, how much more to the Israelites who had received written instructions regarding the ark?
From there, the situation turned from bad to worse. Bet Shemesh was a Levite city. It was not by accident that the ark ended up there. The Levite inhabitants of Bet Shemesh would have included priests, descendants of Aaron, whose task it would have been to cover the ark of the covenant, and also the descendants of Kohath, son of Levi, who were instructed to care for the covered ark. These people should have had an in-depth knowledge of the proper handling of the ark of the Lord. Instead of doing their jobs, after the deaths of several inhabitants, they decided to send the ark to the neighbouring town of Kiryat Yearim. (This might actually hint at an ancient case of enmity between two neighbouring cities.) Regardless, Kiryat Yearim was not a Levite city, but a part of the area given to the tribe of Judah, which had not been tasked with caring for the ark. No one in the tribe of Judah should have had anything to do with the ark of the covenant. Nevertheless, there it was sent, and one of the inhabitants, Eleazar son of Abinadab, was consecrated to guard the ark. The lack of casualties in Kiryat Yearim (despite this clearly being against the Lord’s instructions) can only be because of God’s great mercy.
Can things get any worse? Of course they can! Incredibly, the ark of the covenant was promptly forgotten for at least one generation. More than twenty years passed… Samuel’s judgeship began and ended… Saul’s regime began and ended… and the ark remained in the house of Abinadab, where it was seemingly passed on from Eleazar to his sons. Only after the death of Saul, the ensuing civil war and David’s inauguration as king, did anyone recollect the existence of the ark. From 1 Samuel 6 until 2 Samuel 6, there is not even one mention of the ark of the covenant.
Was the location generally unknown? Possibly, but there’s no indication of that. On the contrary, when David makes the decision to recover the ark, its location does not appear to surprise anyone. Was the importance of the ark forgotten? This, too, is a possibility; although even that would be hard to comprehend. The ark of the covenant had been in Shiloh where Samuel grew up. Samuel was a Levite of the Kohathites (I Chronicles 6:27-28), who had been tasked with taking care of the objects in the sanctuary, including the ark of the covenant. Still, even Samuel himself was not recorded as having mentioned the ark – nor did he attempt to return it to its rightful place. All in all, we don’t know exactly what happened, nor do we know what caused this inexcusable ignorance – but somehow, somewhere, things went very, very wrong.
After a generation of ignorance, the ark of the covenant returned to center stage. David had established his rule and was in the process of moving his capitol to the old Jebusite city of Jerusalem. To centralize the regime, both the political and religious powers were concentrated in one spot: the city that God had chosen to be a dwelling place for His name (Deuteronomy 12:5). On the road to the new capitol, however, things went wrong again, and the body count grew even greater.
1 Chronicles 13 records a confession of past ignorance and an attempt to make things right. A great gathering of political, military and religious leaders heads to Kiryat Yearim to bring the ark of the covenant to Jerusalem. Honor is given to sons Uzzah and Ahio (or more likely, grandsons or even great-grandsons) of Abinadab to escort the ark in the final leg of the journey to the ark’s rightful place. However, one day turned into three months. How did this happen? The ark of the covenant was placed onto a cart pulled by oxen. The journey began with great rejoicing and celebration. At a certain point, the oxen stumbled; to prevent the ark’s falling to the ground, Uzzah reached out his hand to steady the ark. God struck him, and he died. This is considered to be one of the hardest parts of the bible: Why would God strike a man who wanted to protect the ark?
The reason is again found in the Torah. First of all, Uzzah and Ahio never should have been there. They were inhabitants of Kiryat Yearim, and as such, almost certainly members of the tribe of Judah. Secondly, the ark was not to be moved by cart, but only carried by a certain family of Levites, after it had been properly covered by the priests. To summarize: everything about this journey went against God’s instructions. Instead of questioning why Uzzah died, we should be wondering why he was the only one! Again, one can only conclude that God chose to have mercy.
It was only after the death of Uzzah that David came to comprehend the holiness of God. And it scared him. David realized that God doesn’t tolerate lax obedience – something he would continue to struggle with the rest of his life. This newly discovered fear of God prevented the king from continuing in his failed endeavor to bring the ark to Jerusalem any which way. It also prevented further casualties from being incurred, as David finally made the first correct decision in the ark debacle: he left the ark of the Covenant in the house of a man by the name of Obed-Edom.
Whether this decision was the correct one, or whether David actually accomplished the very difficult task of making a terrible situation even worse would depend upon the identity of this Obed-Edom. Obed-Edom was said to originate from Gath. Gath is commonly known as one of five key Philistine cities in the area. (And if Obed-Edom had been a Philistine, this would have been another tremendous error.) However, it is also possible – and indeed, most probable – that the name “Gath” referred to a city named, in part, “Gath”, e.g. Gath-Rimmon, a Levite city in north. In fact, “Obed-Edom” was named among the Levite musicians when the ark was finally brought to Jerusalem (I Chronicles 15:21), and his family as gatekeepers, just prior to that (I Chronicles 15:18). It seems that this turn of events was finally in the right direction.
After three months of quiet, David revisited the idea of bringing the ark of the covenant to Jerusalem. This might have been the result of jealousy (or just a lack of ark-related disasters), as the idea was inspired by reports of Obed-Edom’s blessings. Whatever the case, it seems the instructions concerning the proper handling of the ark of the Lord had finally been remembered and put into practice (I Chronicles 15).
At long last, after so much trial and error, they finally got it right. The ark was carried by the appointed Levites who had consecrated themselves and dressed appropriately. They celebrated jubilantly: the ark of the Lord was finally on its way to its rightful place, physically and spiritually.
What are we to learn from this story? The long, convoluted journey of the ark is a warning to us not to neglect the Word of God. Good intentions will never replace the actual reading of the Bible and following our Lord according to His instructions. Without the Bible, our faith may be genuine, but it will end up in disaster. In order to obey, we need to take God’s holiness seriously, while also being aware of our dependency on God’s great mercies and forgiveness when we – inevitably – fail.
Avoid casualties; read the bible.
Terho is a Lutheran pastor from Finland studying at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem.
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The end is near! So what?
The Harvest is the end of the age. – Mark 13:39
“Work while it is yet day, for the night is coming when no man can work.” My dear friend Marty Shoub heard these words in a dream one night when he was here in Israel working on team at Tents of Mercy. You’ve likely heard them too, because Yeshua made this statement about Himself, in John 9:4. He was anticipating the “night” of His vicious execution on our behalf. But, along with many others, I’ve always applied this verse to our generation, hearing in “night” a reference to the end times.
At a January Bible conference on last days’ prophecy, we spent long and fascinating hours poring over numerous passages to discern the signs. What must happen before Yeshua comes back? How does today’s geo-political landscape compare with Ezekiel 38 and 39? I liked what the study leader, popular author Joel Rosenberg, said. Rosenberg has sold 1.5 million thriller novels, all set in the end times and interwoven with biblical prophetic elements. At the end of all the discussions (filed as 25 pages of notes in my laptop!), he said “So what?” If we are nearing the end of this world’s systems, what should we do about it, personally? With all due respect to the scholars and experts, that was exactly what preoccupied my thoughts during the sessions: “How then shall we live?” That’s the question Peter asks in his second epistle, referring to the fact that “all these things will be dissolved” (2 Peter 3:11).
What should be my priorities, if indeed the end is near? And even if end time pundits are off a bit and Yeshua does not return for another hundred years, my biological clock is running. I am now in my 70s. I know, it’s hard to believe, but tempus fugit (time flies). So, I’m facing the “m” word … mortality. It’s gone by so fast; I hope to have another 15, 20 years but I heard about a childhood friend that passed away in his 50’s. None of us knows our own day or hour of departure. “So teach us to number our days that we may gain a heart of wisdom” (Psalm 90:12). What am I doing with the limited days allotted me to do good on the earth?
He who Reaps Gathers for Eternal Life
Yeshua’s conversation with the woman at the well comes to mind. “Look at the fields, for they are already white for harvest. And he who reaps receives wages and gathers fruit for eternal life, that both he who sows and he who reaps may rejoice together” (John 4:35,36). These verses have gripped me ever since I was a brand new believer, still doing the hippie farming thing in the mountains of New Mexico. We worked hard from the spring thaw on through until the ground itself began absorbing the frost. First, we cleared the fields of rock and scrub oak, then plowed, disced, and harrowed the earth. Seed planting was followed by months of irrigating, mulching, weeding and cultivating. Finally, as long as a freak hail storm or some weird bug infestation hadn’t destroyed our crops first, there came the long awaited harvest. Experiencing a harvest after all that, helps me grasp God’s picturing the end of the age as a final harvest.
“Gathering fruit for eternal life“, “Rescue those who are perishing“, “Those who turn many to righteousness (will shine) like the stars forever and ever“, “At the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up“. All of these Scriptures point to the everlasting reward and satisfaction of having used our time here on earth to bring people to a saving knowledge of Yeshua. So why don’t I spend more time doing it?
I’m busy. I’m “putting out fires.” I’m trying to catch up on undone tasks. People are not always receptive. It’s an entirely new concept for Israeli Jews, so it’s awkward to engage. Momentum carries me away from sharing my faith with new people, not toward it. These factors are all true, but they do not justify my neglect of the harvest, especially when there is “ripe fruit” all around me, dropping to the ground – about to spoil.
How can I Prepare for the Harvest?
So, what can we do to smash the idol of indifference and re-orient for harvest? We need much transformation in order to fully enter the fields which God is already ripening. A great harvest is foretold by Israel’s prophets, timed to occur following our return from exile in the latter days. These are those days, but that harvest has barely begun. That is why I believe God’s focus is Preparation for the Harvest. Here are four keys to that preparation, as I understand their importance.
1 Priestly Intercession
It is one of Heaven’s paradoxes that reaching out to the lost begins by reaching in to God. If I am to bring life to others, I need a personal revival, drawing me to the throne of God, where His passionate love for the lost is found. “Let the priests who minister to the Lord, weep … and let them say ‘Spare your people, O God‘” (Joel 2:17). “Those who sow in tears will reap with joy” (Psalm 126:5).
2 Relief to the Poor and Needy
“Let your light so shine that men may see your good works and glorify your Father who is in heaven” (Matthew 5:16). How can Israeli society, or any society, know that we really “have the goods”? “By their fruit you shall know them” (Matthew 7:16). We have got to bring relief to the painful lives of the poor and the outcast. Throughout Israel, wherever Messianic believers (usually with substantial aid from believers in the nations) are assisting those in poverty, prostitution, bondage to drugs and alcohol – hearts are opening and the stigmas about Yeshua are falling away.
3 Release of the Spirit’s Gifts and Power
“You shall receive power when the Spirit comes upon you and you shall be witnesses” (Acts 1:8). This vital dimension – God’s Kingdom breaking through – is exactly what He promises Israel at the end of the age. Why? Because history and modern skepticism have erected a thick wall between the Redeemer and His own nation. If the apostles’ generation needed signs and wonders to open Israel’s eyes to Yeshua’s credentials as Messiah, how much more does our generation!
4 Involvement with People Outside the Believing Community
We need much broader involvement in society, both in Israel and wherever we live. It’s time to break down the “Messianic ghetto” walls that separate us from the rest of our people. What will that look like? It will include opening our home to spend time with neighbors, taking time to enjoy conversation with shop-keepers, pausing while walking along the street to ask if someone needs help. It will entail joining clubs or attending school and community functions with a readiness to serve. In this way relationships will unfold, creating a bridge with the community around us. Yeshua described us this way: “You are the light of the world. A city set on a hill cannot be hidden” (Matthew 5:14). It’s time to shine.
Marty was fired up to pray, the morning after his “the night is coming” dream. His passion for the harvest was catching. As we cried out to the Lord of the Harvest in early morning prayer, something was happening in our hearts. Our busy-ness, distractions, and preoccupation with inessentials were being washed away in the river of His persistent compassion and unrelenting mercy. I long for this to continue. May the anointing of the Ruach rest upon us, to radiate Yeshua’s life and draw people to Him wherever we go.
Eitan is the Founder and Executive Director of Tents of Mercy Network of Messianic Congregations is Northern Israel. He's a published author, having written "What About Us?", which answers the question about Gentile participation in the restoration of Israel.
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Lessons from a (just barely) college graduate
The liberal arts college I attended was highly regarded for its nursing program, but most of the students attending it were on their way to some kind of career in teaching. My second year there I found myself living in a dormitory which was also occupied by several people who were majoring in physical education. Now, there’s an old saying that “those who can do, those can’t teach, and those who can’t teach, teach PE.” Although this is obviously unfair, one does occasionally meet someone who seems to fit the stereotype.
My pal Joe was one such individual.
He was, at that time, entering his FIFTH year of college and still struggling to finish the requirements for a four year BA degree. The college administration didn’t mind too much because he was also a very talented track and field athlete.
He wasn’t a “friend” of mine exactly. We didn’t have many common interests and although he was a pal I didn’t really “know” him, or much about him. Were it not for a particular incident that happened toward the end of that year we lived in the same building I probably wouldn’t even remember him. But because of that incident, I could never forget him.
Here’s what happened.
I was in my room one evening writing a paper for a class when he walked in the open door with a somewhat desperate look in his eyes. Right away I knew he needed something from me and my first thought was that I needed to find a quick way to get rid of him so that I could get back to writing my paper. But he started talking and I soon realized that I wasn’t going to be able to do that.
He told me he had a test the next day that he needed me to help him study for and that he’d already failed the class once before and this was his last chance, otherwise he wouldn’t be able to graduate and then he’d miss his chance for a really sweet job teaching PE and coaching at his old high school. His parents had already made a down payment on a house and he wanted to marry his girlfriend and it was all dependent on passing this test. All that made sense (and explained the desperate look in his eyes when he asked me for help) but then I asked him what class it was and he told me it was…US History 102.
That really took me aback, because he was 23 years old, a fifth year senior in college, and US History 102 was a class most people took when they were an 18 year old freshman. But here he was, so we sat down and over the next few hours I took him through most of the material in the course syllabus. We quit around two in the morning because he couldn’t stay awake any longer but he got up at eight in the morning and managed (just barely) to pass the test and the class. A few weeks later I watched him walk across the stage and accept his college diploma, knowing I’d played a small but decisive part in enabling him to do so. That was the last time I ever saw Joe, although I think about him sometimes because his experience demonstrates a principle which is very important to understand and come to grips with.
Like my old pal Joe, who spent 13 years in the American public educational system and another five in college but somehow managed to never attain a basic working knowledge of the most rudimentary elements of America’s history and/or the political, social and economic life of the country, there are many people who spend decades faithfully attending church and never really grasp the most basic principles of the Kingdom of Jesus Christ.
It’s important to periodically take stock of ourselves to see if we’re one of those people and if so, to think about what we can do to fix the problem. If someone is still in “Christian Living 102” after decades of attending Church, it’s time to start devoting more time to making progress in our spiritual lives and not just going through the motions. Even if we’re not, it’s still a good idea to periodically think about ways to make our walk with the Lord a more central aspect of our lives, and I’m saying that to myself as well as to whoever might be reading this.
May God give us all the wisdom and dedication we need to take these very important steps.
Aaron is a member of Jerusalem Assembly, House of Redemption.
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King Priest Yeshua came from the family of high priest Zadok of Aaron, a simple explanation
God verified this Truth in His Word in four totally separate places!
1) The King and Great High Priest of Heaven, Melchi Zedek, (my King of Righteousness) said “a body You have prepared for Me!” Hebrews 10:5; Hebrews 8:1; Septuagint Psalms 40:6; Psalm 110:1, 4;
We know that Yeshua’s (God’s Son’s) physical earthly body that He would be born in on the earth would be fulfillment of the line of kings from king David. Therefore, since God always does all things perfectly, and being that He is also the Great High Priest of Heaven, Melchi Zedek (my King of Righteousness), His physical body prepared for Him was also the fulfillment of the highest order of the Aaronic high priest family of Yehoshua of Zadok (righteous) of Aaron. Genesis 14:18; Psalm 110:1,4; Isaiah 7:14; Psalm 24:10; Jeremiah 33:14(17,18)24; Zechariah 3:1, 8 and Zechariah 6:11-13;
Being that Yeshua had no earthly father, He could never be an Aaronic priest, but He is always from the two families of His virgin mother Miriam; David’s family and Zadok’s family of Aaron.
2) The Seed from Eve (Genesis 3:15) that went to virgin Miriam first went to Abram, to Isaac, to Jacob, to Judah, to Amminadab, then to his son Nahshon (Numbers 1:4,7) & then on to king David.
But this Seed also split, going to Amminadab’s daughter Elisheva.
Amminadab’s daughter Elisheva had married Moses brother Aaron. (Exodus 6:23) Aaron + Elisheva had 4 sons. his Seed went to son Elieazar, to Pinchas, and on to high priest Zadok. From Zadok this Seed went to Miriam’s mother, and from king David this Seed went to Miriam’s father. Through intermarriage, this Seed came together in Miriam. To virgin Miriam the Holy Spirit brought the conception of Yeshua in the winter, Kislev 24 (Haggai 2:18, 19). The only begotten Son of God was born 9 months later on Succoth.
To see this proven another way, God showed me many years ago if you were to take three words, right, righteous, and righteousness, where they relate to a specific person in the bible, these people are mainly from two families, king David’s and priest Zadok’s family.
3) The angel Gabriel told Miriam that her Son Yeshua would Reign on the Throne of His father David; (Luke 1:32) this through the geneology of Miriam’s father. And also of her ‘relative’ Elisheva. (Luke 1:36) This word relative is from the Greek and means blood relative. So what family was Miriam’s mother from? The same family as both of Miriam’s relatives Elisheva and priest Zechariah. But what family of Aaron was that? God told us in Luke 1:6 & 1:75, the family that was righteous before God. Only one Aaronic priest family, the high priest family of Zadok could come before God and Zadok meant ‘righteous’. Ezekiel 43:18, 19 and Ezekiel 44:15, 16;
Zechariah and Elisheva and Miriam were all from this Zadokite Aaronic high priest family. For Miriam then spent the first three months of her pregnancy with her closest blood kin relatives, her pregnant relative Elisheva of Aaron and priest Zechariah.
4) The Hebrew word in the Old Testament for ‘Branch’ is Tzemach, found in five places in the prophesies of the Messiah in the Tanakh.
‘The Branch,’ Tzemach is Yeshua, King and Great High Priest!
a) Isaiah 4:2 The Branch (Tzemach) of Jehovah is Yeshua.
b) Jeremiah 23:5, 6 The LORD our Righteousness and the Branch (Tzemach) of Righteousness would be from king David’s family.
c) Jeremiah 33:14-24 The LORD of Righteousness, & the Branch (Tzemach) of Righteousness would be the Man coming from king David’s family in verse 17. But now God says He would also be the Man coming from Aaron’s family, and who is also before God, verse 18. The qualification before God meant that this Man had to also be from the Zadokite high priest family. Verse 24 talks of two families, David’s and Aaron’s family which God had chosen in order to bring forth God’s Son to earth thru the virgin (Miriam). Is 7:14
d) Zechariah 3:1-9 The Messiah would also be God’s Servant, Tzemach, coming from the high priest family of Yehoshua of high priest Zadok (verses 1 and 8). Messiah’s Blood alone had removed the sin of the high priest (verse 4) and cleansed the land (verse 9). Here Tzemach, Yeshua, is being seen as the Son of Man!
e) Zechariah 6:11-13 The Messiah would be the Man Tzemach from the high priest family of Yehoshua of high priest Zadok, whose father is Jeho-Zadok. He (Tzemach) will build the Temple of the LORD (repeated twice), and He will also bear the Glory.
Here Tzemach, Yeshua, is being seen as the Son of God!
God announced this mystery at the time of Yeshua’s Conception.
Why did elderly Aaronic priest Zechariah and his pregnant older wife Elisheva, whom God told us were righteous before God (Luke 1:5, 6) have ever allowed this pregnant and just betrothed (virgin) young woman from the family of David & tribe of Judah, into their home, and for the next three months. The answer is obvious; they had to be Miriam’s closest blood kin relatives from her own family of her mother. For Zechariah must have known the prophesy about the virgin conceiving and bearing a Son, Emmanuel, in Isaiah 7:14.
Why did God, through His angel Gabriel tell this Aaronic priest Zechariah that he had to name his son Yochanan when his future son was not yet conceived. Because God was keeping His promise to the Zadokite high priest family. (See Zechariah 3:1-9 and 6:12) Yochanan was the name of the last Zadokite high priest, around 165 B.C., just before the Maccabees threw out the Zadokite high priest and the rest of the Zadokite priest family, and then took over the Jerusalem Temple, corrupting the Temple’s Aaronic priesthood until the Jerusalem Temple was destroyed by the Romans in 70 A.D.
[See Art Scroll Publications, Yoma Edition, Volume 9:
Kohen HaGadolim of the First and the Second Temple Periods.]
Priest Zechariah and his son Yochanan were both God’s last Zadokite high priests, while Herod had appointed two phony high priests to rule from the Jerusalem Temple, Annas and Caiaphas.
How can it be proven that they were both from this family of Zadok, and also God’s true high priests? First, only a priest from the Aaronic priest family of Zadok was allowed to come into God’s Presence, as Zechariah had done with angel Gabriel. Ezekiel 43:18, 19 and 44:15, 16; Secondly, to minister at the position of the Altar of Incense was the position God had given to Aaron the high priest, and also to his future sons who would serve Him as the future high priest at this special holy position in the Jerusalem Temple, i.e. at the Altar of Incense. See Exodus 30:1, 7
When God sent His angel Gabriel to speak with Zechariah, Gabriel had then met him at the Altar of Incense. After 165 years of Temple priesthood corruption, Zechariah was shown to be the true Zadokite high priest. Then Zechariah’s future son would also be the next mystery Zadokite high priest, being called by God to a most special ministry, to announce that the Kingdom of Heaven was coming to earth and also the coming Messiah at the Jordan River. “The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world.” John 1:29
Yeshua also said … “Permit it to be so now, for thus it is fitting for us to fulfill all Righteouness.” Yochanan submitted to Yeshua; Matthew 3:15 Was that when the Aaronic priesthood became Eternal? “Yochanan came to you in the way of righteousness.” Matthew 21:32
Yeshua began to say to the multitudes concerning John … 11:9 “But what did you go out to see? A prophet? Yes, I say to you, and more than a prophet.” Matthew 11:7 (repeated in Luke 7:26)
Today, we as leaders in Messiah’s Body have not taught the whole Truth of Yeshua’s full physical identity coming from Aaron. Also we have failed to teach the full revelation of Yeshua’s Blood sacrifice coming from the Zadokite high priest family of Aaron.
What will these new revelations mean for Jewish Salvations, especially the Orthodox religious Jews, regarding Melchi Zedek, my King of Righteousness; who is King of Glory? Psalm 24:10
RIchard has served the Lord full-time from Jerusalem since 1998, having made Aliyah to Israel in 1995. He been a writer for the Lord Yeshua since 1982. All of his books, including the newest one, ‘King Priest Yeshua from the Seed of David and Aaron’, along with other writings are free to read and download from his website.